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Oracle DBA Interview Questions

Most asked Oracle DBA Interview Questions.

60 Technical Questions
42 Backup & Recovery Questions

Unix For Oracle DBA 20 Questions



Oracle DBA Topics

Overview of Oracle Grid Architecture

Difference between cluster and grid

Responsibilities of DBA's

Creating Oracle Database

Creating Database using SQL

Creating DB in 12c using DBCA

Creating DB in 12c using SQL commands

Managing Oracle 12c Container Databases

Creating Users in Oracle 12c

Managing Pluggable Databases in Oracle 12c

Creating Pluggable Database

Cloning Pluggable Database

Unplug and Plug databases in CDB's

Managing Tablespaces and Datafiles

Extending tablespaces

Decreasing size of a tablespace

Coalescing Tablespaces

Taking tablespaces Offline or Online

Making a Tablespace Read only

Renaming Tablespaces

Dropping Tablespaces

Viewing Info about Tablespaces

Renaming Datafiles

Relocating Datafiles

Relocating Datafiles in Multiple Tablespaces

Temporary Tablespace

Changing the size

Tablespace Groups

Creating a Temp. Tablespace Group

Assigning a Tablespace Group

Diagnosing and Repairing LMT

Scenario 1: Fixing Bitmap

Scenario 2: Dropping a Corrupted Segment

Scenario 3: Fixing Bitmap when Overlapped

Scenario 4: Correcting Corruption of Blocks

Scenario 5: Migrating from a Dictionary-Managed to LMT

Transporting Tablespaces

Procedure for transporting tablespaces

Transporting Tablespace Example

Managing REDO LOGFILES

Adding New Redo Logfile Group

Adding Members to group

Dropping Members from group

Dropping Logfile Group

Resizing Logfiles

Renaming or Relocating Logfiles

Clearing REDO LOGFILES

Viewing Info About Logfiles

Managing Control Files

Multiplexing Control File

Changing the Name of a Database

Creating A New Control File

Cloning an Oracle Database

UNDO TABLESPACE

Switching to Automatic Management

Calculate Undo Retention

Altering UNDO Tablespace

Dropping an Undo Tablespace

Switching Undo Tablespaces

Viewing Information

SQL Loader

CASE STUDY (From MS-ACCESS to Oracle)

From Fixed Length file

From MySQL to Oracle

Using WHEN condition

Conventional and Direct Path Load

Direct Path

Restrictions on Using Direct Path Loads

Export and Import

Invoking Export and Import

Parameters of Export tool

Exporting Full Database

Exporting Schemas

Exporting Tables

Exporting Consistent Image of tables

Using Import Utility

Example Importing Tables

Import from One User to another User

Using Pattern Matching

Migrating a Database across platforms

DATA PUMP Utility

Data Pump Export

Exporting a Full Database

Exporting a Schema

Exporting Individual Tables

Filtering Objects during Export

Filter Rows during Export

Suspending and Resuming Export

Data Pump Import Utility

Importing Full Dump File

Importing Objects between Schemas

Loading Objects between Tablespaces

Generating SQL File of DDL commands

Import objects of a Schema

Importing Only Particular Tables

Interactive Mode

Flash Back Features

Flashback Query

Flashback Version Query

Flashback Table to Past States

Purging Objects from Recycle Bin

Flashback Objects With Same Name

Flashback instead of PIT Recovery

Enabling Flash Back Database

Sizing flash recovery area

How far we can flashback database

Example:Flashing Back Database

Flashback Data Archive (FDA)
(Oracle Total Recall)

Introduction

Creating FDA tablespace

Creating FDA

Querying historical data

Log Miner

LogMiner Configuration

LogMiner Dictionary Options

Using the Online Catalog

Extracting Dictionary to Log Files

Extracting Dictionary to File

Redo Log File Options

Example: Finding All Modifications

Mining Logfiles in a Time Range

BACKUP AND RECOVERY

Opening DB in Archivelog Mode

Reverting back to NoArchiveLog mode

Taking Offline (COLD) Backups

Taking Online (HOT) Backups

Recovering from the Loss of a Datafile

When in Noarchivelog Mode

When in Archivelog Mode

Recovering from loss of Control File

Recovery Manager ( RMAN )

Offline Backups using RMAN

Recover DB when in NOARCHIVELOG

Online Backups using RMAN

Backup tablespaces or datafiles

Image Backups in RMAN

Incremental Backup using RMAN

Updating backup copy for fast recovery

View info about RMAN backups

Configuring Retention policy

Configure Options in RMAN

Maintaining RMAN Repository

Recover datafiles (Archivelog mode)

Recover datafiles by renaming

Performing Disaster Recovery

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Oracle Database Administration (DBA) Interview Questions (Technical) 

Here are some of the Common Interview Questions for Oracle Database Administrator. As of now it contains 120 Questions. These questions are common for both Senior Oracle DBA or Junior DBA. I have divided the questions into 3 categories Technical Interview Questions, Unix Related questions asked to an Oracle Database Administrator (DBA) and Backup and Recovery Interview Questions commonly asked in Oracle DBA interview

1. What is an Oracle Instance?

2. What information is stored in Control File?

3. When you start an Oracle DB which file is accessed first?

4. What is the Job of  SMON, PMON processes?

5. What is Instance Recovery?

6. What is written in Redo Log Files?

7. How do you control number of Datafiles one can have in an Oracle database?

8. How many Maximum Datafiles can there be in an Oracle Database?

9. What is a Tablespace?

10. What is the purpose of  Redo Log files?

11. Which default Database roles are created when you create a Database?

12. What is a Checkpoint?

13. Which Process reads data from Datafiles?

14. Which Process writes data in Datafiles?

15. Can you make a Datafile auto extendible. If yes, how?

16. What is a Shared Pool?

17. What is kept in the Database Buffer Cache?

18. How many maximum Redo Logfiles one can have in a Database?

19. What is difference between PFile and SPFile?

20.  What is PGA_AGGREGRATE_TARGET parameter?

21. Large Pool is used for what?

22. What is PCT Increase setting?

23. What is PCTFREE and PCTUSED Setting?

24. What is Row Migration and Row Chaining?

25. What is 01555 - Snapshot Too Old error and how do you avoid it?

26. What is a Locally Managed Tablespace?

27. Can you audit SELECT statements?

28. What does DBMS_FGA package do?

29. What is Cost Based Optimization?

30. How often you should collect statistics for a table?

31. How do you collect statistics for a table, schema and Database?

32. Can you make collection of Statistics for tables automatic?

33. On which columns you should create Indexes?

34. What type of Indexes are available in Oracle?

35. What is B-Tree Index?

36. A table is having few rows, should you create indexes on this table?

37. A Column is having many repeated values which type of index you should create on this column, if you have to?

38. When should you rebuilt indexes?

39. Can you built indexes online?

40. Can you see Execution Plan of a statement.

41. A table is created with the following setting

      storage (initial 200k
                   next 200k
                   minextents 2
                   maxextents 100
                   pctincrease 40)

     What will be size of 4th extent?

42. What is DB Buffer Cache Advisor?

43. What is STATSPACK tool?

44. Can you change SHARED_POOL_SIZE online?

45. Can you Redefine a table Online?

46. Can you assign Priority to users?

47. You want users to change their passwords every 2 months. How do you enforce this?

48. How do you delete duplicate rows in a table?

49. What is Automatic Management of Segment Space setting?

50. What is the difference between DELETE and TRUNCATE statements?

51. What is COMPRESS and CONSISTENT setting in EXPORT utility?

52. What is the difference between Direct Path and Convention Path loading?

53. Can you disable and enable Primary key?

54. What is an Index Organized Table?

55. What is a Global Index and Local Index?

56. What is the difference between Range Partitioning and Hash Partitioning?

57. What is difference between Multithreaded/Shared Server and Dedicated Server?

58. Can you import objects from Oracle ver. 7.3 to 9i?

59. How do you move tables from one tablespace to another tablespace?

60. How do see how much space is used and free in a tablespace?

Also See Oracle DBA Questions Related to Backup & Recovery and UNIX Questions Asked to a Oracle DBA

 

 


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